Home of emergence theory

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A Theory of Pixelated Spacetime and of Reality as a
Quasicrystalline Point Space Projected From the E8 Crystal


A businessman with no formal science training left his job as the CEO of a large company that he founded when he had an idea about a new physics theory about the substructure of spacetime itself.

After consulting with several Ph.D. physicists, all of whom were intrigued by the uniqueness of the concept, In 2009, Klee founded Quantum Gravity Research.

The institute’s mission is to discover the geometric first-principles unification of space, time, matter, energy, information, and consciousness. The model, called Emergence Theory, is based on quasicrystalline mathematics.

Quantum Gravity Research movies

A layperson’s guide to E8.


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What if the very fabric of space and time isn’t made of one-dimensional strings or energy as we think of it, but instead was simply a code or a language made from a geometric projection? 

Quantum Gravity Research is a Los Angeles based team of mathematicians and physicists working on developing a theoretical framework for a first-principles unified quantum gravity theory they call emergence theory. Still in the early stage of development, emergence theory attempts to unify, through mathematical and scientific rigor, the theory of relativity, quantum mechanics, and consciousness. 

This film is presented in layperson terms and explains basics tenets of emergence theory, quantum mechanics and digital physics in ways that are meant to be communicative and fun. However, if you’d like to read any of the scientific and more technical papers, please visit our website.


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Is there an 8-dimensional “engine” behind our universe? Join Marion Kerr on a fun, visually exciting journey as she explores a mysterious, highly complex structure known simply as ‘E8’–a weird, 8-dimensional mathematical object that for some, strange reason, appears to encode all of the particles and forces of our 3-dimensional universe.

Meet surfer and renowned theoretical physicist Garrett Lisi as he rides the waves and paraglides over the beautiful Hawaiian island of Maui and talks about his groundbreaking discovery about E8 relates deeply to our reality; and learn why Los Angeles based Klee Irwin and his group of research scientists believe that the universe is essentially a 3-dimensional “shadow” of this enigmatic… thing… that may exist behind the curtain of our reality.


For a written and video overview in layperson terms, please click here.

Quantum Gravity Research is working on a graph-theoretic approach to quantum gravity and particle physics operated on a graph-drawing space – a moduli-space type point space called a quasicrystalline “possibility space.” 

A quasicrystal is a projection of a higher dimensional crystal slice to a lower dimension via an irrational angle. Sequential projections of different translations or rotations of the projection window generate phason dynamic quasiparticle interaction patterns in the graph-drawing space – the projective space. Because of standard models of particle physics gauge symmetry unification equations map to the root vectors of higher dimensional Lie algebras and their associated Lie lattices, we use the largest exceptional Lie group, E8, as our hyper-lattice/algebra (hyper-crystal). Using non-crystallographic Coxeter-Dynkin diagram folding matrices, we can map our quasicrystal dynamics to physically realistic gauge symmetry equations of the standard model. Gravity is quantized and explained in our framework in a novel way.

Quasicrystalline dynamic codes are inherently (via first principles) non-local and non-deterministic. Accordingly, what we are targeting is a non-local and non-deterministic quantum mechanical hidden variables theory explicitly allowed by Bell’s theorem. That is subquantum mechanics that explains both particle physics and quantum gravity. The approach is a novel synthesis of four cross-disciplines: (1) graph-theoretic quantum gravity and particle physics, (2) code theory, (3) information theory and (4) code-theoretic quantum thermodynamics. Because our graph theory is non-arbitrary and non-invented, due to the geometric first principles of projective transformations of Lie lattices, it is a model that seeks something very different than ordinary unification physics. Ordinary unification models, such as the standard model of particle physics, attempt to show the gauge symmetry relationships between fundamental particles and forces. They do not explain the first principles origin of the empirically observed approximate values being unified. For example, the standard model has 20 free-parameters that are plugged and not explained by the model itself. Indeed, this is the case for all physical models, from general relativity to quantum mechanics. A geometric first principles code theoretical approach, such as emergence theory, is an attempt to derive exact analytical expressions of the fundamental constants, such as Planck’s constant and the gravitational constant, from first principles. Gauge symmetry relations would be a logical product of such derivations.

Today, no one knows the actual values of the fundamental constants. For example, we only know Planck’s constant to the fourth place after the decimal (CODATA values average six experimental protocols that disagree after the 4th decimal place). So, of course, there is no precise analytical expression known.  A predictive geometric first principles unification of the standard model and gravity would, in some sense, be the ultimate unification theory of physics. Clearly, this is a daunting challenge – a challenge no other group is working on (perhaps some individuals may be thinking along these lines). However, daunting or not, it may be the case that nature uses an exceedingly simple quantum gravity code at the Planck scale. If this is true, we believe that an efficiency principle will be involved, wherein one can analyze the space of possible codes via the lens of code theory, wherein one aspect of code theory seeks to categorize codes according to their computational efficiency, which is the ratio of symbolic load to simulation output or symbol to meaning ratio. The mathematical thinking of such an approach leads to reductions of vast quantities of codes that are local and/or inefficient in terms of symbolic load to physical meaning ratio. For reasons beyond the scope of this brief overview, phason dynamic quasicrystalline codes seem to be maximally efficient in the universe of all codes.

Our various published works will provide more detail on the multiple aspects of our work. There is also a regularly growing library of video presentations on our Youtube channel to which we invite you to subscribe so that you may be updated whenever a new video is uploaded.


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Toward the Geometry of Group Theoretic Particle Physics in the QSN by Klee Irwin
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The Code that Animates Reality – Klee Irwin
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The Cabibbo Angle Links Crystals and Quasicrystals – Klee Irwin
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Emergence Theory and Special Relativity: Conceptual Approaches by Klee Irwin
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Emergence Theory and General Relativity: Conceptual Approaches by Klee Irwin
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The Principle of Efficient Language – Part 1 by Klee Irwin

Klee’s Blog